For and Against The case against astrology is that it is untrue and falsely described. It does not deliver benefits beyond those produced by non-astrological factors, and astrologers ignore unwelcome evidencedefects that are never disclosed. So people are being misled. The case for astrology is that a warm and sympathetic astrologer provides low-cost, nonthreatening therapy that is otherwise hard to come by, especially as astrology implies no physical, mental, or moral weakness as might apply when visiting a doctor, psychiatrist, or priest.
But whatever our verdict, for or against, if astrology encourages people to explore the problems of humanitys existence and to express spiritual values and if it provides a bridge between a person of wisdom and a person in need, then these qualities deserve study as much as any objective claim would. There is more to astrology than being true or false. What of the Future? Beliefs survive best when, as in astrology, believers create a close-knit group in which the sense of belonging makes their beliefs impervious to criticism.
Nobody who derives benefit from astrology is going to believe evidence for its invalidity. So until a more rewarding belief comes along, astrology is unlikely to go away. Nevertheless, it faces the same scientific opposition and the same taint of pop that helped the downfall of phrenology. It also faces strong competition from a barrage of self-help psychologies and philosophies see any New Age bookstore.
Extrapolation of the growth in British astrology books suggests that an end may be near around , but whether this is a genuine end or merely the result of books being replaced by the Internet is hard to say Dean and Kelly , Only time will tell if astrology can survive. References: Boyd, A. Dangerous Obsessions: Teenagers and the Occult.
London: Marshall Pickering. Dean, G. Is the Mars Effect a Social Effect? Skeptical Inquirer 26, no. Gauquelin, M. Neo-Astrology: A Copernican Revolution. London: Arkana. Kaku, K. Annals of Human Biology 2: Parker, D. The Compleat Astrologer. London: Mitchell Beazley.
Descriptive books on astrology are numerous and easy to findjust visit any public library. By contrast, critical books on astrology are hard to find; they also tend to be incomplete because most of the important studies are not retrievable via computerized databases such as PsychInfo. For ordinary readers, good sources of information are: Brau, J. Weaver, and A. Larousse Encyclopedia of Astrology. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Peter J. You can reach Michael at michael astrotheatre. We have a big palette for doing our artwork in life, each in our own way. There was a time when the Labour Party was led by staunch, solid males. That is what God said they were supposed to be used for.
Good general-purpose coverage of history, methods, and biographies but has almost nothing on research. Includes instructions for calculating and reading birth charts. Phillipson, G. Astrology in the Year Zero. London: Flare Publications.
Explores key issues via interviews with astrologers and researchers. For academics, a comprehensive critique of astrological ideas is: Kelly, I.
Modern Astrology: A Critique. Psychological Reports Has references, including major critical works. Concludes that astrology does not have the means to solve its internal problems. The following titles address more specific issues: Ankerberg, J. Eugene, OR: Harvest House. Very readable critique of astrologys claims and the personal consequences of its use.
Many useful quotes, all referenced to the exact page. The answer to the title question is no. Does Astrology Need to Be True?
Frazier, Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books. Goes beyond the popular astrology of newspaper columns to examine the serious astrology of consulting rooms and learned journals. Does Astrology Work? Astrology and Skepticism, In Skeptical Odysseys, edited by P. Kurtz, Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.
Reviews the progress of research into astrology since Mather, and I.
In The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal, edited by G. Stein, An extended 28, word scientific survey covering history, popularity, arguments for and against, conceptual problems, controlled tests, effect size comparisons, problems of birth chart interpretation, how belief in astrology arises, the role of human judgment errors, and the future of astrology. Gambrill, E. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. A survey of human judgment errors made by professionals in psychology, medicine, and the helping professions, showing how to reduce their influence on decision making.
Equally applicable to astrology.
Gettings, F. The Arkana Dictionary of Astrology.
A scholarly work covering every aspect of astrology from its origins to the present day. Has nearly 4, entries from Ab and Abbreviations to Zubrah and Zugos.
A rich source of information for academics but has little on research. Holden, J. Has a bibliography of 27 titles and a detailed index. Clear, readable, the only history to focus on technical developments. Includes brief biographies of about 1, individual astrologers. Read Free For 30 Days. Astrology by Geoffrey Dean, Ivan W. Description: An article by skeptic Geoffrey Dean. Reich and Ilse Ollendorff divorced in September , ostensibly because he thought she had had an affair.
She continued working with him for another three years. Even after the divorce, he suspected her of having affairs, and persuaded her to sign confessions about her feelings of fear and hatred toward him, which he locked away in the archives of his Orgone Institute. He wrote several documents denouncing her, while having an affair himself with Lois Wyvell, who ran the Orgone Institute Press.
In , Reich said he had discovered another energy that he called deadly orgone radiation DOR , accumulations of which played a role in desertification. He designed a "cloudbuster", rows of foot aluminium pipes mounted on a mobile platform, connected to cables that were inserted into water.
He believed that it could unblock orgone energy in the atmosphere and cause rain. Turner described it as an "orgone box turned inside out". He conducted dozens of experiments with the cloudbuster, calling his research "Cosmic Orgone Engineering". During a drought in , two farmers in Maine offered to pay him if he could make it rain to save their blueberry crop. Reich used the cloudbuster on the morning of 6 July, and according to Bangor's Daily News —based on an account from an anonymous eyewitness who was probably Peter Reich—rain began to fall that evening.
The crop survived, the farmers declared themselves satisfied, and Reich received his fee. Over the years the FDA interviewed physicians, Reich's students and his patients, asking about the orgone accumulators. The attention of the FDA triggered belligerent responses from Reich, who called them "HiGS" hoodlums in government and the tools of red fascists.
He developed a delusion that he had powerful friends in government, including President Eisenhower , who he believed would protect him, and that the U. Air Force was flying over Orgonon to make sure that he was all right. Sharaf writes that Reich detested unannounced visitors; he had once chased some people away with a gun just for looking at an adjacent property. He told the inspectors they had to read his work before he would interact with them, and ordered them to leave. In February the United States Attorney for the District of Maine filed a page complaint seeking a permanent injunction under Sections and of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to prevent interstate shipment of orgone accumulators and to ban promotional literature.
In a letter to Judge John D.